Life in the modern world is much more complex and intricate than a couple of decades ago. Every day people face stress and problems. Poor environment resulted in an increase of diseases. Medicine has reached unprecedented heights and helps overcome many diseases; however, it is not all-powerful. When a person understands he or she is terminally ill, it is natural when thoughts about suicide come. It is very scary when somebody voluntarily deprives himself of life. On the other hand, sometimes it can be understood. Suicide can be committed because of many reasons: depression, illness, problems with money, or bad habits. In current situation, the client has a choice, and maybe I am the one who can help her survive, find the force for living. Nevertheless, in such case, it is necessary to consider ethical, moral, and legal aspects.
Speaking about a moral dilemma in this deductive reasoning essay, it may be advisable to continue fighting, try alternative treatments, and ask relatives for support. Those words are very correct, and they need to be said. However, the treatment may be painful, and instead spending the last days with her family, the patient may stay in the hospital suffering from pain. What is more, the treatment may become so expensive that people that are close to the client will sell all their property to purchase drugs, but that will not help. Also, taking care of a sick person at home is not an easy assignment and is not always pleasant, especially if she cannot walk.
On the other hand, if the client tells about her intentions, she subconsciously needs help and support. Maybe, she wants to gain confidence that she is worth living, it is a great miracle, and the disease is still not a sentence. According to Harold G. Koenig (2012), suicide can be committed because the person does not receive timely support and feels isolated.
Regarding another dilemma, she is an adult, and I have no ethical right to forbid her acting as she wants or say that she is wrong. At the same time, it is very egoistic to abandon a person in need without persuasion to live further. Based on these factors, an ethical dilemma is formed.
Sometimes, not only ethical and moral but also legal dilemmas appear. All people need to have their own autonomy and lead the life by themselves. However, one should not forget the basic principle of treatment is "do not harm". Adshead (2005) claimed that all mental health legislation is a trade-off between the principles of respect for autonomy and liberty on one side and the principle of respect for welfare on the other side.
An enhanced approach to the balance model of capacity judgments is proposed by Jaydip Sarkar (2013); it can lead people if they have some doubts or dilemmas, and it involves the following:
· judging whether the decision is informed and balanced;
· judging whether it is communicated clearly and unambiguously;
· judging the conviction with which it has been made by assessing its stability and endurance over time: the more important the decision and the more final its consequences, the longer the time frame should be over which its stability is assessed.
Finally, it is very important to help the person find the direction and at the same time respect the personal choice. Dilemmas always appear in our life, especially when it comes to such a complex thing as suicide. There are many approaches and ways to cope with the situation, but it is always necessary to consider ethical, moral, and legal aspects. People should remember that human life is a gift and respect it.
- Sep 15, 2021
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